Test item: lamp test
This standard specifies the technical requirements, experimental methods, inspection rules, marking methods, packaging, transportation and storage conditions for LED lamps.
LED lamps refer to lighting lamps that use LEDs as light-emitting devices. Compared with traditional lamps with high-pressure sodium lamps and metal halide lamps as light sources, they have the advantages of energy saving, environmental protection, and long life.
2. Reference basis:
"GB7000.1-2002D general safety requirements and experiments for lamps and lanterns"
"Measurement Method of Integral LED Street Lights"
"Enclosure protection grade <IP code> GB4028-93"
3. Inspection items:
⒈Electric performance parameters:
⑴Working voltage ⑵Working current ⑶Power ⑷Power factor ⑸Lighting safety level
⑴Light intensity: light intensity distribution curve, equal light intensity curve.
⑵Luminous flux: total luminous flux, effective luminous flux, area luminous flux table, ring-belt luminous flux table.
⑶ Illuminance: Illuminance distribution, iso-illuminance curve.
⑶ Light source: number of light sources, light source model, light source composition, light source package.
⑸The light-emitting angle of the lamp.
⒊Structure and appearance:
⑴Shell structure material ⑵Type of lamp ⑶Lamp weight ⑷Lamp label ⑸Lamp protection grade.
⑴Temperature rise experiment ⑵Switching electricity experiment ⑶Vibration experiment ⑷Light-emission maintenance characteristic and aging experiment. ⑸ Lamp function inspection.
4. Inspection instructions:
⑴DC powered lamps controlled by external power supply: voltage and current measured by voltage and ammeter. [Note: To measure current, you need to measure the current of a single LED lamp and a single color and record it]
⑵ AC lamps with built-in power control: use a digital power meter to measure the voltage, current, power, power factor and other parameters of the lamp.
(3) Class I lamps must be tested for dielectric strength, leakage current, and insulation resistance. The electric strength is the breakdown phenomenon of 220V terminal and 1500V, 1MIN. Leakage current≤1.0MA. Insulation resistance ≥ 2MΩ.
⑷The safety level of lamps can be divided into four types:
Class 0 lamps: non-ground wire lamps, relying on basic insulation as protection lamps against electric shock. This means that the accessible conductive parts of the luminaire are not connected to the protective conductor in the fixed line of the facility, and in case the basic insulation fails, it has to rely on the environment.
Class I lamps: lamps with a ground wire. The electric shock protection of lamps not only relies on basic insulation, but also includes additional safety measures, that is, connect easily accessible conductive parts to the protective grounding conductor in the fixed line of the facility to make it easy to reach The conductive parts in the basic insulation will not be charged in case of failure of the basic insulation.
Class II lamps: non-ground wire lamps, anti-shock protection not only depends on basic insulation, but also has additional safety measures, such as double insulation or reinforcement, but there is no protective grounding measure or depending on installation conditions.
Class III lamps: Anti-shock protection depends on the power supply voltage being a safe and extra-low voltage (the effective value of AC voltage is less than 50V), and it will not produce lamps with a voltage higher than SELV.
⒉Optical performance parameters:
⑴Light intensity <CD>: Light intensity distribution curve, iso-light intensity curve, and light intensity distribution data table can all be measured with a Goniophotometer.
⑵Luminous flux <LM>: The total luminous flux and effective luminous flux are subject to the test data of the spectrum analysis system. The area luminous flux table and the ring-belt luminous flux table can be measured with a Goniophotometer.
(3) Illuminance <LUX>: Illuminance distribution and iso-illuminance curve can be measured with a Goniophotometer.
⑷Color temperature <K>: It can be measured with a spectrum analysis system.
⑴ Shell structure materials generally include copper, stainless steel, iron, aluminum, plastic PC or others.
⑵The types of lamps so far include street lamps, floodlights, downlights, tunnel lights, bulb lights, explosion-proof lights, fluorescent lights, etc.
⑶Weigh the weight of the lamp
⑷The label of the lamp generally includes the lamp's rated voltage, power, ambient temperature, IP rating, lamp model, manufacturer, etc.
⑸Lamp protection level, according to "GB4208-1993" foreign visitors protection level [IP code] requirements to detect whether the structure of the lamp meets the design requirements of the protection level.
⑴Temperature rise experiment, measure the temperature of specific components when the lamp is working with great power in a specific temperature environment. In addition to the components to be tested according to the inspection requirements, the driver IC, lamp housing, LED (lamp pin or LED heat sink) and other components It is a fixed measuring point. Record every 30 minutes until the temperature of each measuring component is constant. The recording includes the power-on time, the temperature of the measuring component, and the ambient temperature at the time.
⑵The electrical switch experiment is under the normal working conditions of the lamp, turn on for 1 minute and turn off for 30 seconds as a switching cycle, according to which the switch experiment is performed 100 times continuously, and the working condition of the lamp is recorded.
(3) The vibration test is to place the lamp on a vibrating table and shake for 30 minutes to check whether the parts of the lamp are loose or fall off, and whether the lamp can work normally.
⑷In the reliability test, check the function items of the lamp according to the lamp instruction.
5. Technical requirements
⑴ Appearance requirements: uniform paint color, no pores, cracks, and impurities. The coating must adhere tightly to the base material. The surface of each part of the LED lamp should be smooth and smooth, and there should be no defects such as scratches, cracks, and deformation.
⑵Dimension requirements: The external dimensions should meet the requirements of the drawings.
⑶Material requirements: The materials used in each part of the lamp and its structural design meet the requirements of the drawings.
⑷ Assembly requirements: All fastening screws on the surface of the lamp should be tightened, the edges should be free of burrs and sharp edges, and the connections should be firm and not loose. When necessary, the fastening, connection and sealing requirements of the lamps should comply with section 4.12 of GB7000.1-2002.
⑴The product can work reliably in the temperature range of -25℃～40℃.
⑵The product can be stored reliably in the temperature range of -40℃～85℃.
⑶The product can work reliably under relative humidity ≤95%RH.
⑷The product's intermittent exposure to vibration conditions will not harm the normal operation of the product.
⑸ The free fall of the product during handling will not endanger the normal operation of the product.
⑹The product can work reliably in the range of 86～106KPA at atmospheric pressure.
⒊Working power supply.
Rated voltage, 170～260V: Rated frequency, 50/60Hz
⑴ LED lamps need a good heat dissipation system to ensure that the temperature of the aluminum-based circuit board should not exceed 65°C when the LED lamps are working in a normal environment.
⑵LED lamps should have over-temperature protection.
⑶LED lamps have control circuit abnormality protection, and LED lamps must be equipped with 3C or UL or VDE certified fuse devices for overcurrent protection when the circuit is abnormal.
⑷LED lamps should have the ability to resist abnormal LED work, that is, in the LED lamps, each LED series group is driven by an independent constant current electric power, and the constant current circuit should ensure safe operation under abnormal conditions of LED breakdown and short circuit, and the current is stable .
⑸LED lamps and lanterns should have moisture-proof, moisture-removing breathing function, the internal circuit board of the LED lamps must be treated with moisture-proof treatment, and the lamps must have waterproof and breathable respirators to ensure that the lamps can still work stably in case of moisture, and the heat generated by their own work will reduce Water vapor is removed.
⑹The ratio of the total downward flux of the LED lamps to the energy consumption of the lamps ≥56LM/W.
LED lamps should meet the requirements of GB7000.5, LED modules for general lighting should meet the requirements of IEC62031, and electronic control devices powered by AC or DC for LED modules should meet the requirements of IEC61347-2-13 and IEC62384.
⒍Electromagnetic compatibility requirements
The insertion loss, disturbance voltage, radiated electromagnetic disturbance, and harmonic current of LED street lights should meet the requirements of GB17743 and GB17625.1.
⒎Shell protection level
Lamp protection grade, according to "GB4208-1993" shell protection grade [IP code] requirements to check whether the structure of the luminaire meets the design requirements of the protection level.
⒏LED lamp reliability
The average trouble-free working time of LED lamps should not be less than 50,000 hours.
⒐LED light source life
The average life span of the LED lamp light source under normal use conditions should be greater than 50,000 hours.
Remarks: The luminous flux is less than 70% of the initial installation as the end of the service life.
Six, product inspection
⒈Appearance structure inspection
⑴Appearance inspection: visual inspection, the appearance should meet the requirements of appearance.
⑵Size inspection: Use a tape measure or similar tools to measure, and the size should meet the size requirements.
⑶ Material inspection: visual inspection, the material should meet the requirements of the material.
⑷ Assembly inspection: visual inspection, if necessary, pass the experimental inspection in section 4.12 of GB7000.1-2002, and the assembly should meet the requirements of assembly. LED lamp inspection
⒉lamp performance inspection
⑴The electrical parameters of the lamp conform to the parameters provided by the R&D department of the same product.
⑵The optical parameters of the lamps conform to the parameters provided by the R&D department of the same product.
⑶The reliability test of the lamp conforms to the parameters provided by the R&D department of the same product.
Seven, signs, labels and instructions for use
⒈ signs, labels
Each LED luminaire is set with a label or nameplate at a prominent position, including the following:
⑴Model, code and product standard code.
⑵ The full name of the product name.
⑶ The full name and trademark of the manufacturer.
⑹IP protection level
⑺Rated voltage, rated current, rated correlated color temperature, rated luminous flux, rated life, etc.
The instruction manual for each LED lamp configuration should give all the information on how to use the equipment safely and correctly. The information should include the following:
⑴Working principle block diagram
⑵Main technical indicators
⑶ Installation drawing and requirements
8. Packaging, transportation and storage
⒈ inner packaging
⑴ Inspection before packaging
①The product certificate and technical documents, accessories, spare parts are complete.
②The packing list and the list of accessories are complete.
③The appearance of the product is not damaged.
④No dust on the surface of the product.
The name, model, quantity, and implementation standard number of the product should be on the product packaging.
The product should have inner packaging and outer packaging, and the packaging should be dust-proof, waterproof, moisture-proof, and vibration-proof.
The products should be suitable for land, air and sea transportation. Transport and unload operations according to the signs on the packaging box. During transportation, the product should not be subject to severe vibration or impact.
LED lamps should be stored in a warehouse with a relative humidity of not more than 70%, and there is no acid, alkali, salt, corrosive, explosive gas, dust, rain and snow in the room.
Lighting fixture inspection
Guangdong Headquarters Laboratory Address: 1st Floor, 2nd Floor, East Side, Building B, Pengzhou Industrial Park, Fuyuan 1st Road, Fuyong Street, Baoan District, Shenzhen
Shenzhen Branch Laboratory Address: Times Testing Building, No. 101 Yousong Road, Longhua New District, Shenzhen